Methotrexate plus narrowband UVB phototherapy.

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Methotrexate plus narrowband UVB phototherapy.

Postby Nick Balgowan » Sun Nov 12, 2006 11:27 pm

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 Jun;54(6):1013-8. Links

Methotrexate plus narrowband UVB phototherapy versus narrowband UVB phototherapy alone in the treatment of plaque-type psoriasis: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.

Asawanonda P, Nateetongrungsak Y.
Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

BACKGROUND: Combining phototherapy with topical and oral agents allows clinicians to treat recalcitrant psoriasis with reduced number of treatments and cumulative UV exposures. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the number of treatments necessary to clear plaque-type psoriasis when narrowband (NB) UVB is administered with methotrexate (MTX) or placebo in a randomized, controlled fashion. METHODS: MTX (15 mg/wk) or placebo was administered 3 weeks before standard NB UVB phototherapy was started. Treatments with the oral agent and phototherapy were continued until Psoriasis Area and Severity Index scores were reduced to less than 10% of the original scores or 24 weeks. Follow-up was performed until lesional scores returned to 50% of the original ones. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients were enrolled and 19 patients completed the study. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the median time to clear psoriasis in the MTX/NB UVB group was 4 weeks, which was significantly less than that for the placebo/NB UVB group. LIMITATIONS: Our sample size was relatively small (24 patients) with 5 dropouts. In addition, the study was conducted in skin types III to IV, Asian patients. Follow-up was limited to 4 to 6 months after completion of phototherapy. CONCLUSION: MTX pretreatment allows physicians to clear psoriasis in fewer phototherapy sessions than when phototherapy is administered alone.

PMID: 16713455 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Nick Balgowan.
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